Do you want to know the definition of hazard and risk? In this article, you will clearly understand the “definition of hazard and risk” with their examples.
What Is The Definition Of Hazard And Risk
A hazard could be anything with the potential to cause harm.
If hazards are not controlled by implementing effective safety measures, they can cause personal injury, illness, fatality, damage, or other losses because they have the potential to do so.
A hazard could be anything, such as substances, machines, work processes, working methods, activity, tools, working environment, etc. It can be found anywhere, Where work is being carried out, at home, or in any environment.
At work, we must identify potential hazards by conducting a risk assessment as it is a legal requirement. The outcomes of risk assessment must be explained among workers by the concerned supervisors or engineers.
Hazards can be controlled & accidents can be prevented by implementing proper safety control measures. Here are some hazard examples that can be found in the workplace.
- Work at height.
- Suspended load.
- Poor housekeeping.
- Vehicle and equipment movement.
- Defective tools and tackles.
- Hazardous chemicals.
- Excessive noise.
- Poor illumination and ventilation.
- The moving parts of machinery.
- Toxic gases and fumes.
- High humidity and temperature.
- Welding or grinding sparks.
- Manual handling of a heavy load.
- Non-compliance with personal protective equipment (PPE).
A forklift could be a hazard because it has the potential to cause harm to the people or property near its operation. Before we look at the risks associated with these hazards, it is crucial to know what is a risk. Now, we will explore complete guidance about the risk, including the risk’s definition and examples.
What Is Risk?
A risk is the likelihood of harm that could be occurred based on the exposure to the hazard. The risk calculates how likely someone could be hurt and how severely.
A risk can be assessed based on the severity and the likelihood of the harm taking place. A Risk could be low or high, depending on these two factors.
Likelihood x Severity = Risk
Examples Of Risk:
- Falling from height.
- Exposure to hazardous chemicals.
- Electic shock.
- Burn injury.
- Injury due to man-machine interface.
- Fire and explosion.
- Hearing loss due to exposure in a noisy area without hearing protection.
- Eye injury caused by foreign particles.
- Hand and finger injuries.
- Property damage.
- Lunges disease.
Difference Between Hazard And Risk With Example
From the previous definition of hazard and risk, It is clear that a hazard is anything with the potential to cause harm. The risk is the likelihood of the harm/loss that could occur if exposed to the hazard.
A hazard can generate numerous risks because it has the potential to cause harm in several ways.
A hazard is not a risk in itself, but it can create various risks. It is not so easy to eliminate the hazards often, but they can be controlled to a low level of risk by implementing proper safety control measures.
Example 1: Stairs
We can take stairs as an example to understand the difference between hazards and risks that are available in the house and offices,
Stairs are a hazard while falling off stairs is a risk. In this case, hazards can’t be reduced, but the risk can be reduced by implementing remedial control measures, such as handrails, non-slip treads, suitable footwear, removing scattered things from stairs, etc.
Example 2: Forklift Truck
We can take a forklift truck as another example to understand the difference between hazards and risks.
Previously, we mentioned the forklift truck as a hazard in the hazard example. Now, let’s talk about the risks associated with forklift operation. There are many ways harm can occur from the forklift operation. including;
- Collision with other vehicles & equipment.
- Loads dropping from the fork of forklift trucks.
- Overturning of forklift trucks.
- Contact with pedestrians or workers.
- Unauthorized operation of forklift truck.
Example 3: Toxic Or Hazardous Substances
It is well known that toxic substance is a hazard. Toxic substance is classified as highly hazardous materials/substances at the workplace. It certainly matches the definition of hazard, something with the potential to cause harm. What would be the risk in this? If a person accidentally ingests this toxic substance, he will be seriously ill. So, now, it is clear that the Toxic substance is a hazard, while inhalation or ingestion of this toxic substance by someone is a risk.
Risk can be controlled by implementing adequate safety control measures.
In this article, we have explored the definition of hazard and risk and the difference between hazard and risk with examples. All work-related injuries and illnesses caused by exposure to the hazard are preventable by implementing adequate safety control measures.
Hence, conduct a risk assessment of your work process and premises and take remedial control measures to mitigate those existing hazards that could cause harm. Once the Hazards are controlled, the risk level will be reduced.
Q: What Is Hazard Meaning?
Ans. A hazard could be anything with the potential to cause harm.
Q: What Is Risk?
Ans. A risk is the likelihood of harm that could be occurred based on the exposure to the hazard.
Q: What Is The Difference Between Hazard And Risk With Example?
Ans. A hazard is anything with the potential to cause harm. A risk is the likelihood of that harm occurring.
For example- working at height is a hazard, while falling from height is a risk.
Q: What Are The Examples Of Hazards And Risks?
Ans. Examples of Hazards include;
Work at height.
Vehicle and equipment movement.
Defective tools and tackles.
Poor illumination and ventilation.
The moving parts of machinery.
Toxic gases and fumes.
High humidity and temperature.
Welding or grinding sparks.
Manual handling of a heavy load.
Non-compliance with personal protective equipment (PPE).
Examples of Risks include;
Falling from height.
Exposure to hazardous chemicals.
Injury due to man-machine interface.
Fire and explosion.
Hearing loss due to exposure in a noisy area without hearing protection.
Hand and finger injuries.